Low Back Pain

What is the cause of low back pain?

Back pain can vary from person to person. The pain may be intermittent or constant, it can also have a slow onset or come on unexpectedly. There are many causes for back pain such as specific movements and aging process. As we age, degenerative changes occur in our spines.

Back pain can be caused by many factors, including:

  • Over-activity
  • Disc degeneration
  • Disc injury
  • Spinal stenosis

What are the symptoms of low back pain?

  • Can be described as sharp, stabbing, dull, or aching
  • Pain that is worsened with bending, lifting, or sitting
  • Muscle spasms and tightness in low back, pelvis, or hips
  • Difficulty standing up straight, walking, or going from standing to sitting
  • Decreased mobility and range of motion
  • Radiating pain to lower extremities

Is there a treatment for it?

There are different options for treating your pain that can be discussed with your doctor. Treatment for low back pain can include:

Medications
Analgesics and anti-inflammatory medications may relieve pain. Steroids taken either orally or injected into your spine can help deliver a high dose of anti-inflammatory medicine. If you are experiencing spasms, your doctor may prescribe a muscle relaxant.

Physical Medicine
Medications and therapeutic treatments combined often relieve pain enough for you to regain your quality of life. A physical therapist can guide you through specific exercises that can strengthen your lower back and abdominal muscles.  

How can I prevent low back pain?

  • Exercise
  • Proper posture and lifting techniques
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Avoid smoking
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